In response, the Zonians surrounded the flagpole, sang "The Star Spangled Banner" and rejected the deal between the police and the Panamanian students. Some of the more seriously injured were left with severe permanent brain damage or paralyzing spinal injuries from their bullet wounds. The committee held a week-long investigation in Panama which was greeted by a unanimous 15-minute Panamanian work stoppage to demonstrate Panama's united opinion. Most of those killed and wounded had suffered gunshot wounds. The President of Panama at the time, Roberto Chiari, broke diplomatic relations with the United States on January 10. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed. DENI ballistics experts claim that six Panamanians were killed by .38 caliber Smith & Wesson police revolvers fired by the Canal Zone Police. One of the students fell or tripped and I believe when he went down the old flag was torn." Fuelled by wild rumours on both sides, the situation escalated into violence with shots being fired. The day is marked by a march retracing the steps of the original student protestors. The U.S. flag would no longer be flown outside Canal Zone schools, police stations, post offices or other civilian locations where it had been flown, but Panama's flag would not be flown either. News and rumor instantly traveled the 49 miles from Panama's south coast to its north coast. Office Holidays provides calendars with dates and information on public holidays and bank holidays in key countries around the world. Martyrs' Day (Panama) - Wikipedia. Martyrs' Day is a Panamanian day of national mourning which commemorates the January 9, For him and many others, the U.S.-Panama relationship was at its peak. At several points demonstrators stormed into the zone, planting Panamanian flags. The British and French governments, who had been criticized by U.S. administrations for their foreign policy and handling of their various colonies, accused the U.S. of hypocrisy and argued that their Zonian citizens were as obnoxious as any other group of colonial settlers. The Organization of American States, on Brazil's motion, took jurisdiction over the dispute from the United Nations Security Council. The police version was disputed by independent investigators, who found that the police fired directly into the crowds and killed Arosemena and a number of other Panamanians. Martyrs' Day (Spanish: Día de los Mártires) is a Panamanian day of national mourning which commemorates the January 9, 1964 anti-American riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone. The shooting led to the deaths of 21 Panamanians and four Americans. A rival communist commemoration on the same day drew only 300 participants. (Jan 09, 2021) Martyrs' Day is a national holiday in Panama that is celebrated on January 9 th every year. The governor's order infuriated many Zonians, who interpreted it as a U.S. renunciation of sovereignty over the Canal Zone.[1]. He claims that the Panamanian students stumbled and accidentally tore their own flag. The captain tried to take us where the others Panamanian students were. Significantly, other governments in the western hemisphere which had long backed U.S. policies declined to back the American position. However, in order to have a 3 day weekend, this year Panama is commemorating the day … Sign up to receive a weekly email update on forthcoming public holidays around the world in your inbox every Sunday. The confrontation was not contained in the Panama City area. Ariana Ramírez | Tue, 01/09/2018 - 15:41: The protocolary events included the celebration of a Mass in La Merced church and a visit to the tomb of President Roberto Francisco Chiari, Panamanian president in 1964. Flag in defiance of the rules. Kennedy was assassinated before his orders became law and subsequent changes meant that instead of flying both flags, all flags would be removed. The incident is seen as a key event that eventually led to the U.S. renouncing their control of the Canal Zone. Two monuments have been built in Panama City to commemorate these events. The exploding situation caught up with the Governor while he was still en route to the U.S. over the Caribbean. One popular but inaccurate Zonian rumor, fueled in part by references to the "American Canal Zone" in U.S. news media, that the Panama Canal Zone had been renamed "United States Canal Zone" and would henceforth be an outright possession of the United States. Martyr's Day is a public holiday. Like many holidays in Panama, it is a dry day. In the course of the scuffle, Panama's flag was torn. This led to about 200 Panamanian students marching to the High School with a treasured Panama flag that they planned to fly alongside the U.S. To placate the protestors, in 1964, U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed that the Panamanian flag would be allowed to be flown beside the U.S. flag on all non-military locations in the Canal Zone. Moreno is remembered for his strong speech against the United States at the UN General Assembly. In 1903, Colombia and Panama disagreed on whether the U.S. should be allowed to build a canal across Panama. Some reporters alleged one giant communist plot, with Christian Democrats, Socialists, student government leaders and a host of others controlled by the hand of Fidel Castro. One of the most famous photographs of what Panamanians know as Martyrs' Day shows two demonstrators, one bearing a Panamanian flag, climbing over Fence of Shame at Ancon. Martyrs' Day marks the anniversary of the riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone on this day in 1964. The Panamanian crowds grew as nightfall came, and by 8 p.m. the Canal Zone Police was overwhelmed. A good indication of the relative communist strength came two weeks after the confrontations, when the Catholic Church sponsored a memorial rally for the fallen, which was attended by some 40,000 people. Flag. Most of the 17 injuries suffered by U.S. civilians resulted from thrown rocks or bottles.[3][4]. March 09, 2006, Why Today Is an Anti-American Holiday in Panama, University of Florida Digital Collections: Panama and the Canal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Martyrs%27_Day_(Panama)&oldid=979452038, Articles needing additional references from June 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 September 2020, at 21:18. Survivors mark Martyrs' Day. U.S. Army units became involved in suppressing the violence after Canal Zone police were overwhelmed, and after three days of fighting, about 22 Panamanians and four U.S. soldiers were killed. Several years later, Lyndon B. Johnson wrote in his memoirs that: "When I heard about the students' action, I was certain we were in for trouble. Survivors of the events will give speeches recounting the events of the day. Panama Presidency. The 21 as listed there include: Maritza Ávila Alabarca, Ascanio Arosemena, Rodolfo Sánchez Benítez, Luis Bonilla, Alberto Constance, Gonzalo Crance, Teofilo De La Torre, José Del Cid, Victor Garibaldo, José Gil, Ezequiel González, Victor Iglesias, Rosa Landecho, Carlos Lara, Gustavo Lara, Ricardo Murgas, Estanislao Orobio, Jacinto Palacios, Ovidio Saldaña, Alberto Tejada and Celestino Villarreta. Canal Zone police tear gassed them. Meanwhile, demonstrators began to tear down the "Fence of Shame" located in the Canal Zone, a safety feature alongside a busy highway. When the fighting was over, DENI investigators found over 600 bullets embedded in the Legislative Palace. 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